What Were The Terms Of The Agreement Reached At The Atlantic Conference

Churchill and Franklin met aboard HMS Prince of Wales in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, in response to Germany`s successful attacks on Britain, Greece and Yugoslavia. At the time of the meeting (9-10 August 1941), Germany had invaded the Soviet Union and was about to attack Egypt to close the Suez Canal. Churchill and Franklin were at the same time concerned about Japan`s intentions in Southeast Asia. Roosevelt, for his part, wanted the British government to state publicly that it was not involved in secret treaties, particularly territorial issues such as those concluded by the Allies during the First World War on the division of enemy territory at the end of the war. Roosevelt also wanted to agree on the conditions under which Britain would reimburse the United States for its assistance in renting Lend. Roosevelt wanted the British to pay compensation by dismantling their system of imperial preference, established by the British government during the Great Depression, and intended to promote trade within the British Empire by lowering tariffs among members while maintaining discriminatory duties against foreigners. There were some negotiations on the parties to attend the conference and the Chair was informed that the Prime Minister would leave Scotland on 4 August to sail on HMS Prince of Wales. He was accompanied by Admiral Pound, General Dill, Air Marshal Freeman, Harry Hopkins and Sir Alexander Cadogan. The President informed the Prime Minister that he would bring Admiral Stark, General Marshall, General Arnold and Sumner Welles. While the issues raised in the Charter had been agreed upon by the signatories and others, they were growing in number than expected. On the one hand, they contained phrases of national self-determination which Churchill knew could harm his British allies; On the other hand, they did not contain a formal explanation of the American commitment to war. The principles of the Atlantic Charter were supported by 26 countries, all united against Nazi Germany; Their leaders agreed not to negotiate with Hitler or to conclude a separate peace. Lord Beaverbrook, the British government`s supply minister, attended these conferences.

He will go to Washington for more details with U.S. government officials. These conferences will also address the Soviet Union`s supply problems. Churchill was extremely disappointed by Roosevelt`s refusal to discuss the entry of Americans into the war. In addition, Churchill understood that several aspects of the proposed joint statement could be politically damaging to the Prime Minister. Churchill feared that the abandonment of imperial preference would irritate the protectionist wing of his Conservative party. Nor have the Americans been willing to warn Japan too much about future military action against British goods in Southeast Asia. Finally, both Churchill and many members of his cabinet were concerned about the third point of the Charter, which mentions the rights of all peoples to the election of a government.

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