The treaty requires the parties to use Antarctica only for peaceful purposes. Military activities are prohibited, including weapons testing, nuclear explosions and radioactive waste management in Antarctica. There are five major areas in the world that have been declared nuclear-weapon-free zones under special agreements: Central Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, the South Pacific, Southeast Asia and Africa. Countries within these zones agree not to develop, test or possess nuclear weapons. Other nuclear-weapon-free zones have been agreed for Antarctica and the seabed. Mongolia has declared itself nuclear-weapon-free, a status recognized by the United Nations. The joint declaration was a treaty in which South Korea and North Korea agreed not to possess, produce or use nuclear weapons, prohibit uranium enrichment and plutonium recycling. The agreement imposes a nuclear-explosive-free region on ten Southeast Asian nations. However, none of the nuclear-weapon States have yet signed, mainly because of objections to the area covered by the treaty. In return, nuclear-weapon States commit to disarmament measures, the second pillar. Article VI of the NPT states that “each side commits itself to continuing in good faith negotiations on effective measures to stop the nuclear arms race and nuclear disarmament, as well as on a comprehensive and comprehensive disarmament treaty under strict and effective international control.” Bilateral Agreements between the United States of America (USA) and Russia The Non-Proliferation Treaty is a treaty that aims to limit the proliferation of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament and the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
The treaty was launched for signature in September 2017 and will enter into force 90 days after 50 states sign and ratify. As soon as this is done, the treaty will be legally binding on the states that have signed and ratified it. However, it is not binding on states that remain outside the treaty. States can sign as long as they still have nuclear weapons, provided they are removed from operational status and have a transition plan for possible disarmament.